A man has admitted to murdering former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, police said.
Mr Abe, 67, was shot twice in the back while delivering a speech at a campaign rally in the western city of Nara.
He bled to death after sustaining two deep neck wounds that damaged an artery.
It is the first assassination of a current or former Japanese prime minister since the 1930s.
Named in the media as 41-year-old Yamagami Tetsuya, the shooter appeared emotionless as he spoke to investigators and calmly answered questions.
Context of Abe’s alleged killer emerges – live updates
Explosives were found at the home of the unemployed suspect and officers are advising nearby residents to evacuate their homes.
Footage from the scene shows what appears to be a homemade firearm. It was made of a mix of materials, including metal and wood, police said.
It is still unclear whether the parts were purchased on the Internet and whether they were made on a 3D printer.
An isolated image on video appears to show him moments before the shooting.
Dressed in a gray T-shirt and beige pants, he was tackled to the ground by the police.
He told investigators he spent three years working for Japan’s Maritime Self-Defense Force.
According to state broadcaster NHK, he told police he was unhappy with Mr Abe and intended to kill him.
But Kyodo News said it was not motivated by a grudge against Mr Abe’s political beliefs.
Major heart damage
Mr Abe had no vital signs when he arrived at Nara Medical University Hospital and was never revived after suffering severe heart damage.
More than 100 units of blood were administered during four hours of blood transfusions as Mr Abe haemorrhaged.
Mr Abe clutched his chest as he collapsed, his shirt stained with blood. NHK showed footage of security guards running towards him.
A puff of white smoke was seen as he delivered a campaign speech outside a train station ahead of Japan’s upper house elections on Sunday.
A reporter at the scene said he heard two consecutive bangs during Mr Abe’s speech.
Fumio Kishida, the prime minister, said the “act of brutality” was “absolutely unforgivable”. He asked all cabinet members to return to Tokyo.
One of the most important world leaders of the 20th and 21st centuries
Shinzo Abe was quite simply Japan’s longest serving, most prominent and most recognizable post-war prime minister. Her big hair and smiling face will be familiar to anyone who has paid attention to recent international affairs.
He wanted to transform Japan from its post-war reluctance on the world stage to a more assertive leadership role, so that it could match the size of its economy. It meant overcoming opposition to plans to increase defense spending and change the constitution, but he thought it was worth it.
Alexander Downer, chairman of the Policy Exchange and former Australian foreign minister, has seen Shinzo Abe up close on the world stage. He told Sky News he was one of the most important world leaders of the 20th and 21st centuries.
“He was as important for Japan and for changing Japan’s position in the world as Margaret Thatcher was for the UK or perhaps Ronald Reagan for the US.”
Some say he went too far in accusing him of whitewashing Japan’s wartime and imperialist past, but his supporters say he was right to urge the country to recognize the need to prepare ahead to the threat posed by a rising Russia, an indiscreet China and a North armed with nuclear weapons. Korea.
He retired as prime minister due to ill health, but remained a powerful figure working for a stronger and bolder Japan. His force of personality and conviction will be greatly missed at home and among his allies.
Mr Kishida said a free and fair election is something that must be fought for at all costs, and the campaign will continue on Saturday.
Mr Kishida said he had great respect for Mr Abe’s legacy.
“Absolutely unforgivable, for whatever reason”
Political violence is rare in Japan, which has strict gun regulations.
In a country of 125 million people, there were just 10 gun-related criminal cases last year, resulting in one death and four injuries, police say.
The majority of those cases – eight – were gang-related.
“A barbaric act like this is absolutely unforgivable, regardless of the reasons, and we strongly condemn it,” Chief Cabinet Secretary Hirokazu Matsuno said.
Boris Johnson, the outgoing Prime Minister, said Mr Abe’s death was “incredibly sad news”.
Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, said Mr Abe was “a wonderful person, a great democrat and a champion of the multilateral world order”.
Volodymyr Zelenskyy, the President of Ukraine, said “the heinous act of violence has no excuse”.
Mr Abe served two terms as prime minister – becoming Japan’s longest-serving prime minister – before stepping down in 2020, saying a chronic health condition had resurfaced.
He has suffered from ulcerative colitis since he was a teenager.
He remained a dominant presence within the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, controlling one of its major factions.